Buy Examination of Three Faiths: A Thirteenth Century Essay in the Comparative Study of Religion by Ibn Kammuna, M. Perlmann (ISBN: ) from. : Ibn Kammuna’s Examination of the Three Faiths; A Thirteenth- Century Essay in the Comparative Study of Religion Translated from the Arabic. Ibn Kammūna’s Examination of the Three Faiths: A Thirteenth-Century Essay in the Comparative Study of Religion. Translated From the Arabic with an.

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Finally, we will have a look at some of the sophistries and paradoxes that are attributed to him.

The glosses are written in a the highly technical language of Islamic theology, which is very different from the philosophical diction he uses in other writings. Retrieved from ” https: The Light of Thy Countenance: In the intervening years, not a few editions of writings by Ibn Kammuna have appeared.

Both the philosophical foundations underpinnings concepts of the deity and of humanity as well as the moral values and spiritual exercises, were carefully crafted so as to be acceptable to all monotheists. Interdisciplinary Journal of Middle Eastern Studies9: Here as always logic is the first topic to be discussed, but hads is not mentioned at all in the section on logic. Ibn Kammuna wrote a much shorter treatise eaxmination the differences between the two main Jewish groupings, Rabbinites and Karaites English translation by Nemoy.

Alwishah, which covers part two of al-Talwihat and whose subject is natural science or kammuma. This approach is totally at odds with the Aristotelianism that, in all of its flavors, was the foundation of Islamic philosophies.


Several editions have appeared and are discussed in the last section of this entry. The variation is seen both in the quantity of percepts that are obtained intuitively as well as in the speed of intuitive act.

Falths fully understanding the passage in question, errors may ensue; an example of this given by Langermannp. In addition, he emphasizes here that the fruits examintion this special type of knowledge can be fully appreciated only by someone exaimnation has experienced them.

Ibn Kammuna (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Like so many other features of his work, it can be understood only in the context of the Avicennan legacy. Though the Examination should not be classified as a polemical work, as it contains no outright attack on any faith, its pro-Jewish bias is quite evident. Philosophy East and West 22 4: It is not difficult to find numerous examples of the application of hads in The New Wisdom ; it has much harder to see how hads is to be integrated tthe into a comprehensive scientific fziths.

This treatise is concise in length but encyclopedic in character. University of North Carolina.

Strictly speaking, hads is the revelation—some would add instantaneously—of the middle term of the syllogism, leading to an infallible conclusion. It includes chapters on the status and virtues of the talmudic sages; the Karaite arguments impeaching the sages; and the Rabbanites’ allegations concerning the Karaites.


If we also keep in mind the nascent state of scholarship on the man and the period in which he flourished, the best course of action for the present essay seems to be this. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Download our mobile app for on-the-go access to the Jewish Virtual Library. Medal of Honor Recipients. In part this is a supercommentary, that is, a response to an earlier set of glosses prepared by his contemporary, Najm al-Din al-Katibi al-Qazwini d.

In all cases the basic thought is examinxtion some people are born with an innate ability to swiftly arrive at conclusions that are certainly true. Viewed as a phenomenon of the human mind, it is essentially the same thing as intuition. However, one should not make too much of this.

How to cite this entry.

Ibn Kammuna’s Examination of the three faiths

Arabic and Islamic Philosophy, special topics in: Noone – – Journal of the History of Philosophy 40 2: However, there are apparently no references to him in Jewish sources. When his life was in taiths, high Muslim officials saved him. Avicenna took his perception of his own self to be the most certain piece of knowledge that he possessed.