Erythrina berteroana is a small deciduous tree, abundantly armed with stout spines, with a broad, spreading, thin crown; it usually grows up to 10 metres tall. Erythrina berteroana Urb. Fabaceae According to Krukoff () E. berteroana is by far the most common species in Central America. It is the. E. berteroana is a popular Central America tree often used in agroforestry systems as a living fence, shade tree and for fodder and forage.

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Seeds fall from the tree and are occasionally consumed by birds and small animals Little and Wadsworth, Living fences in tropical America, a widespread agroforestry practice. Palo de pito Erythrina berteroana close seed pods.

Oviedo Prieto eryfhrina al. Our garden is at the elevation of Guatemala City, Central America about meterswhich is an appropriate elevation for this tree. The trees are also used to create living fences, and are grown in Theobroma cacao orchards to provide the plants with the shade they need to grow Morton The seeds are used to make bracelets, necklaces and other handicrafts, which they say attract “good luck”.


It is thought that just placing the flowers and leaves beneath the pillow will allow for restful sleep Duke The seeds are bright red. History of Introduction and Spread Top of page E. Erythrina berteroana is a shrub-like tree that may grow up to 30 feet tall!


A new alkaloid, erythratine-N-oxide, has been isolated from this particular species Soto-Hernandez and Jackson, I find several terms that should be followed up with more ethnohistorical, linguistic, epigraphic, and iconographic studies: Seeds are chewed and swallowed for sedative and aphrodisiac effects.

Distribution Top of page Berteroanx. Tropical tree seed manual. Distribution Table Top of page The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available.

Erythrina berteroana grows in Guatemala, El Salvador, and southern Mexico. A tea prepared from the flowers is used in Guatemala to treat hormonal and menstrual imbalances in women, and to verteroana hemorrhages, dysentery, and anxiety.

The sedative effects generally come on within thirty minutes of taking the tea Morton Technical guide for forestry extension.

Erythrina berteroana – Wikipedia

Ethnopharmacology and its Applications. Thesis and dissertation potential: The bark produces a yellow dye used in textiles. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available.

Reportedly seeds also berteroans without special preparation of the seed.

Flowers pinkish to red, appearing with the leaves, in terminal racemes, The tree is easy to reythrina as it readily sprouts from any branch that you cut off and stick in the ground. The young leaves and twigs are also edible when cooked, but are not particularly tasty. Agricultural Handbook [ed. Flora of Guatemala, IV. Economic Botany, 48 2: Summary of Invasiveness Top of page E. Submit a Comment Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. The Highland Mayan Quiche name is Tzite. Protein banks of Erythrina berteroana and Gliricidia sepium.


Physiology and Phenology E.

There are no pictures available for this datasheet If you can supply pictures for this datasheet please contact: Villar mentions that the wood of this tree was used for carving masks in Joyabaj Leaves and twigs are often used as fodder and forage for cattle, goats, and rabbits. Erythrina species – pantropical multipurpose tree legumes. Consequently, this species is commonly found naturalized and colonizing new areas mostly in sites near cultivation, in disturbed areas, and along streams and fences.

Economic evaluation of the incorporation of legumes into improved pastures compared with traditional cattle feeding systems in the Atlantic Zone of Costa Rica. Advances in agroforestry research. Pito Erythrina berteroana and chipilin Crotalaria longirostrataFabaceaetwo soporific vegetables of Central America.

Its red flowers and fleshy unopened young leaves and branches are used as food both by humans and domestic animals.

Hilje L; Coto D,