Muawiya had declared before the Battle of Basra his refusal to join the electors .. Ammar asked for a drink before he entered the decisive battle of Siffin during . The Battle of Siffin was fought in during the First Fitna (Islamic Civil War) and led to the establishment of the Umayyad Caliphate. The Battle of Șiffīn (Arabic: معركة صفين) was a battle between Imam Ali (a) and Mu’awiya b. Abi Sufyan occurred in Safar of 37/July in an.

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Had their decision been in agreement with the Holy Qur’an and the instructions of the Holy Prophet the deception of Ibn Al-Aws would have been the only barrier from making their decision binding because it proved that they were in disagreement in their ruling. Ashaath rejected him and so did his tribe saying: In the act of falling from the horse, he exchanged his life off the Crown of Martyrdom and put it on his head.

In sheer chagrin and frustration, they turned to Ali, and asked him to repudiate the cease-fire agreement, and to resume fighting against Muawiya. The Imam told Muawiya in a message that he did not come to fight siffim water.

The Battle of Siffin | A Restatement of the History of Islam and Muslims |

With the instinct of a hunter, therefore, he began to move toward his prey. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The Imam was determined to try to subdue Muawiya and his followers and bring them back to the bulk of the nation and thwart their secessional movement.

Sir John Glubb When the first Muslims in Medina were threatened by Quraish, whom they repelled by digging a ditch, Ammar ibn Yasir had been staggering along with a great load of earth. Presently, their leaders decided to leave Kufa, and to set up their headquarters in some other place. Imam Ali a ordered his army to continue the war, but most people in his army wanted to accept the arbitration. Ali tolerated the insolence and the impudence of the Khawarij in the hope that they would realize their error but this only made them more insolent and more impudent.


He appointed Qutham Ibn Abbass his successor in Medina.

Battle of Ṣiffīn

Many Kharjis realizing their error, came under the banner planted by Abu Ayub. His terse comment was: The army of Mu’awiya stood between the Euphrates and the army of Imam Ali a and did not allow Imam’s a soldiers to access the water. They did not like his reign or his victory or everything he stood for. Amr bin Aas and Abu Musa — the arbitrators made themselves a party of those who turn back from the Book of God.

But Ali interposed between them, and said to the traitors:. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval.

Battle of Ṣiffīn | Islamic history |

He appointed Abu Leila Al-Jarrah the commander of his advancing division. Amr bin Aas had, of course, weighed all the options, and had decided in favor of Egypt. Thus fighting came to a virtual halt over most of btatle front.

The Holy Qur’an commands the Muslims to obey the leaders from among them:.

Imam Ali a resisted the pressures, announcing that this was but a deception, but eventually he had to accept the arbitration of the Qur’an by writing a letter to Mu’awiya b.

Remember God for the future of the Arabs. They went around killing people indiscriminately, not sparing even women and children.

Now whoever adheres firmly to the promises made will be the one whose salvation will be saved by Allah and one who will try to go back upon the promises made, will fall deeper and deeper into heresy, error and loss. The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. He was also the Caliph by a general election which he received from the overwhelming majority of the companions and the inhabitants of Medina Mecca Iraq Egypt Yemen and the rest of the Islamic provinces with the exception of the inhabitants of Syria who were ruled by Muawiya.


He invited you to follow the Book of God but you have paid no attention. Both arbitrators would be subject to the rule that their decisions would be taken in the light of the Book of God.

The Battle of Siffin. Ali hesitated but realized that ov did not have much of a choice in the face of an impending mutiny in his own army, and sent a messenger to Malik calling him from the front-line. The Imam would be able to subdue their forces easily if they were alone without Muawiya. This was only because he batfle an enemy of the Imam. In the perception of all his enemies, peace could only compound the already complex problems of the Dar-ul-Islam.

Battle of Siffin

View this page in our App. He was one of the confidantes of Umar bin al-Khattab who had appointed him governor, first of Basra and then of Kufa. The critical moment had arrived. Toynbee says that Muhammad and Ali were no match for the merchant princes of Makkah the Umayyads in realpolitik.

In one of his letters to Mu’awiyya, Imam Ali a wrote:. Their efforts were directed at challenging the authority of the Imam and preventing him from choosing any arbiter that inclined to his opinion or thought of resuming the fight. He spoke to them saying: