NBR NBR Cianeto The NBR prompted the ABNT (Brazilian Association for Technical Standardization) to produce eleven. Buy NBR ELABORACAO E APRESENTACAO DE PROJETO DE REABILITACAO DE AREAS DEGRADADAS PELA MINERACAO from SAI Global. ABNT NBR pdf. Uploaded by. paulolimad Nbr Elaboracao E Apresentacao de Projeto de Reabilit. Uploaded by. paulolimad.

Author: Nikogal Aragor
Country: Mauritania
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Automotive
Published (Last): 17 December 2015
Pages: 407
PDF File Size: 10.62 Mb
ePub File Size: 3.28 Mb
ISBN: 214-8-19494-225-4
Downloads: 23982
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Nimi

Therefore, the goal of this study is to provide empirical data on the abbt of using C. Ignoring this fact, environmental agencies have broadly allowed the use of exotic species, despite awareness of the impacts of invasive species on local flora and associated fauna. However, several years after its introduction, casual observations indicated that C. Restored and non-restored areas were located at a minimum of m to a maximum of 3. The environmental agencies involved allowed the use of a 130300 of species containing many exotic species that were spread into the region by hydro-seeding, when previous studies had advised the use of only native species Ribeiro et al.

The soil of these areas also contained higher levels of Phosphorus and Magnesium. Light and temperature influence on seed germination of Marcetia taxifolia A. Seed dormancy and germination in Rhexia mariana var. Species richness and plant abundance were 2. However, most initiatives to restore degraded areas have been using methods that do not follow this definition strictly. The disturbance of a system through species introduction, biomass input, or manuring can lead to higher levels of Phosphorus mineralization due to an increase in the microbial activity Gatiboni et al.


NBR nbr Disturbance, diversity, and invasion: Casual observations indicate that under larger density, C. Distribution of non-native invasive species and soil properties in proximity to paved roads and unpaved roads in a quartzitic mountainous grassland of southeastern Brazil rupestrian fields.

Unexpected effects of pigeon-peas (Cajanus cajan) in the restoration of rupestrian fields

The observations we present here, together with those reported by Negreiros et al. Even if the nutrient increase that resulted from the presence of C. In each of these areas, three plots of 5 x 5 meter totalizing m 2 for each treatment were randomly chosen.

In addition, we compared the area similarity comparing plots through Jaccard index Ricklefs, within both treatments. As sementes de M. Welcome to our website, we provide the high quality service for you! Restoration must take into account previous knowledge and idiosyncrasies of each vegetation and site. The higher amount of Phosphorus in the soil must also be related to the elevated litter formation in the areas where C. On the other hand, none of the other soil components analyzed differed statistically between the two treatments Table 2.

Natural tropical ecosystems are formed by numerous types of vegetation in which species composition and selective pressures imposed by both, biotic and abiotic factors, may be singular.

Despite the higher concentration of phosphorus, the presence of C. To evaluate qbnt influence of Phosphorus and Magnesium on the plant abundance and species richness we used a Pearson correlation Abjt, This highway was restored in and the pigeon pea, Cajanus cajan Fabaceaewas used to facilitate the succession process.

The older individuals of C. Plant Talkv. In spite of the scientific arguments that the use of C. In the past 20 years, we devote to producing mining equipments, sand making machines and industrial grinding mills, offering expressway, rail way and water conservancy projects the solution of making high grade sand and matched equipments.


The introduction of exotic species is one of the main causes of the current 1330 extinction of species Mittermeier et al.

nbr 14063 1998

We investigate the consequences of demographic change for business cycle analysis. The perception that cocktails of species can be widely used in restoration and that the use of exotic Fabaceae does not represent risks to the succession process is misleading. The justification to use C. In fact, we found high pH levels in both treatments.

We find that changes in the age composition of the labor force account for a significant fraction of the variation in business cycle volatility observed in the U. 31030 Brasileira de Sementes Similarity was small and varied from 0 to 0.

Likewise, diversity was 1. In spite of M. I,II ; Castro, S. Although the amount of organic matter was not analyzed in the present study, the amount of nitrogen between the two treatments did not differ statistically.

Impacts originating from mining, road construction, pasture establishment, tourism, and periodic fires, have been the main source of soil erosion, species extinction, and alien species invasion Viana et al. A long-term field study on biodiversity X elevated CO 2 interactions in grassland.